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Over two thousand years ago, a Greek writer named Antipater made a list of what he called the Seven Wonders of the World.The only one of those ancient sights that remains today is the Great Pyramid of Giza, in Egypt.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the world's most amazing landmarks.Rising high above the Sahara Desert in the Giza region of northern Egypt, the Great Pyramid stands some 450 feet into the burning desert sky and occupies of an area of 13 acres. The rough climate of the Sahara has actually caused the pyramid to shrink 30 feet from its original height.The pyramid was such an amazing feat of engineering, that it remained the tallest structure in the world for over 3800 years.The entire pyramid was originally faced with polished limestone to make it shine brilliantly in the sun.
Most Egyptologists, scientists who study ancient Egypt, agree that the Great Pyramid was built around 2560 BC, a little more than 4,500 years ago.It took tens of thousands of workers twenty years to build. The pyramid contains over two million stone blocks. Although most of the blocks weigh two or three tons, some weigh up to 80 tons!The Great Pyramid of Giza was ordered built by the Pharaoh Khufu as a magnificent tomb.The interior of the Great Pyramid contains many rooms, connected by passages leading to the outside.His vizier (advisor) Hemon is credited with being the pyramid's architect. Khufu's pyramid is actually part of a complex of pyramids that includes the Pyramid of Khafre, the smaller Pyramid of Menkaure, a variety of smaller pyramids and structures.