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Monday, July 8, 2013

Video ngữ pháp tiếng anh trước bạn đã được học về thì hiện tại hoàn thành và thì quá khứ đơn.  Và Ở bài này, bạn sẽ được tiếp tục phần ngữ pháp tiếng anh gồm thì quá khứ tiếp diễnthì quá khứ hoàn thành. Chúc các bạn học thật tốt hai thì này với quá video ngữ pháp tiếng anh cơ bản bên dưới. Nếu cảm thầy bài viết về thì quá khứ hoàn thành và khứ đơn hay, Like để ủng hộ người viết nhé. ^-^ (Nguồn Video thaytro.vn)

I. Thì Quá Khứ Tiếp Diễn

1. Cách chia thì quá khứ tiếp diễn:

1. Affirmative:
S + WAS + V-ing + O
* I/He/She/It -> WAS
* We/You/They -> WERE
2. Negative:
S+WAS NOT + V-ing+O
* I/He/She/It -> WAS NOT (WASN’T)
* We/You/They->WERE NOT (WEREN’T)
3. Interrogative:
WAS   + S + V-ing + O?
* I/He/She/It -> WAS
* We/You/They -> WERE
- I was watching TV at 8:00 yesterday evening.
- When the phone rang, she was writing a letter.
- Sam was waiting for us when we got off the plane.
- I wasn’t watching TV at 8:00 yesterday evening.
- When the phone rang, she wasn’t writing a letter.
- Were you watching TV at 8:00 yesterday evening?
- Yes, I was. / No, I wasn’t.
1. She (cook)….at 7 o’clock this morning.
2. Jim (study)…….when I came yesterday.
3. Last week, we (play)…… football when it started to rain.
4. At 5 p.m. yesterday, we (fly)….to Paris.
5. My parents (watch) …… a movie at 12:00 last night.
6.  Mr. Pike (teach)…. In class when the light went out yesterday.
7. At 9 o’clock this morning, Jill (wash) …. His car.
8. The students (talk) …. When the teacher came in.
9. Mary (shop) …….when she saw Peter.
10. I (have) …… lunch at 11 a.m. yesterday.
1. Last night at 6 pm, I (not/eat) …… dinner.
2. Yesterday at this time, I (not/sit) …… at my desk at work.
3. I (not/study) ……. when he came.
4. He (not/listen) ….. to me when I told him to turn the radio off.
5. They (not/sleep) ….. when the thief entered their house yesterday.
6. Sue (not/do) …. Her homework at 10 last night.
7. At this time yesterday, we (not/work) …..
8. My mother (no/cook) … when I came in the kitchen.
9. When I met her yesterday, she (not/clean) ……. Her house.
10. They (not/play) ….. chess at 6 pm yesterday.
1. What you (do)…. at 7 yesterday morning?
2. ….. she (have)…. Breakfast when you came?
3. ….they still (drive) …. at midnight yesterday?
4. …..Susan and her friends (watch) …… a movie at this time yesterday?
5. ….. you (come) …… back home when the earthquake started.
6. At midnight yesterday, …..Elizabeth (write)…. A letter to her parents?
7. When he called you yesterday, ….. you (have) … a rest?
8. ……the students (take) …. An exam at 10 yesterday morning?
9. …… he (repair) ……. his bicycle when you saw him?
10. ….. your friend (sleep) ….. at 11pm yesterday?

2. Cách dùng thì quá kh tiếp din

USE 1: Actions happening at specific time in the Past.

(Hành đng xy ra  thi đim xác đnh rõ ràng trong quá kh)
     Last night at 6 PM, I was eating dinner.
     Yesterday at this time, I was working in my office.

USE 2: Interrupted Action in the Past.

(Mt hành đng b ct ngang trong quá kh)
     I was watching TV when she called.
     While we were having the picnic, it started to rain.

USE 3: Parallel Actions in the Past 

(Các hành đng cùng đang xy ra trong quá kh)
     I was studying while he was making dinner.
     While Ellen was reading, Tim was watching television.
     What were you doing while you were waiting?
     They were eating dinner, discussing their plans, and having a good time.


"when" in most often followed by the verb tense Simple Past, whereas "while" is usually followed by Past      Continuous. "While" expresses the idea of "during that time."
(Sau when đng t  thì quá kh, sau while đng t  thì quá kh tiếp din)
     I was studying when she called.
     While I was studying, she called.

Exercise: Fill in the blanks using Past Continuous.

1. What ....... you (do) .... when the accident happened?
2. Daisy (arrive) ..... at Susan's house at 9:00 pm yesterday.
3. At this time yesterday, Jennifer (not/watch) .......TV.
4. The Titanic (cross) ......the Atlantic when it (strike) ..... an iceberg.
5. Last night, while I (do) .... my homework, Angela called me.
6. At this time yesterday, ......you (read) .... a magazine?
7. We (talk) ...... when the teacher came into the class.
8. I (not/have) .... dinner with them at 8 pm yesterday.
9. Last Sunday, while we (camp) .... it started to snow.
10. The lady (walk) ...... when she sudddenly fell on the floor

II. Thì Quá Khứ Hoàn Thành.

1. Cách chia thì quá khứ hoàn thành:

S + HAD + V(ed/C3) + O
2. Negative:
S + HAD NOT+V(ed/C3)+O
3. Interrogative:
HAD + S + V(ed/C3) + O?
- We had lived in Hanoi before 1975.
- I had finished my work before I left the office yesterday.
- He had heard about her before he met her last week.
- We hadn’t lived in Hanoi before 1975.
- I hadn’t finished my work before I left the office yesterday.
- He hadn’t heard about her before he met her last week.
- Had you lived in Hanoi before 1975?
Yes, I had. / No, I hadn’t.
-Had he heard about her before he met her last week?
1. We (have) …. that car for ten years before it broke down.
2. The storm destroyed the sandcastle that we (build) …..
3. By the time Alex finished his studies, he (be) ….. in London for over eight years.
4. Ms. Takemoto (study) …..English before she moved to New York.
5. The plane (take) …. off before I arrived at the airport.
1.He (not/be) … to Cape Town before 1997.
2. When she went out to play, she (not/do) …. her homework.
3. The waiter brought a drink that I (not/order) …..
4. She (not/ride) …. a horse before that day.
5. I (not/meet) …. him before my wedding last year.

1……he (phone) ….. Angie before he went to see her in London?
2…..you (meet) ….him before that day?
3……they (arrive) ….. at the station before the train left?
4. …..she (know) … about him before she met him?
5. ……the students (finish) …. The exercise before the teacher came in?

2. Cách dùng thì quá khhoàn thành.

     USE: Completed Action Before Something in the Past

     - I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Hawaii.
     - Kristine had never been to an opera before last night.
     - She only understood the movie because she had read the book.

Exercise: Fill in the blanks using Past Perfect tense

1. My brother ate all of the cake that our mother (make)........
2. I could not remember the poem we (learn) .... the week before.
3. .....you ever (visit) .... the U.S. before your trip in 2006?
4. .... Susan ever (study) .... Thai before she moved to Thailand?
5. The children collected the fruit that (fall) .... from the tree.
6. When I arrived home last night, I discovered that my wife (prepare) ... avery nice dinner.
7. We could not get a hotel room because we (not book)..... in advance.
8. I (never know) .... him before I met him yesterday.
9. We (be) .... to the U.S. before 1990.
10. She (never see) ..... a bear before she moved to Alaska.


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