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Monday, July 8, 2013

Bài học ngữ pháp tiếng anh hôm nay sẽ nói về câu bị động - The passive Voice - phần 1. Sau khi học xong phần 1 ngữ pháp tiếng anh câu bị động bạn hãy học tiếp phần 2 nhé.

I/ Look at these sentences:

1.        1. Active: My father built this house in 1970.
           Passive: This house was built by my father in 1970.
2.        2. Active: Mr. Johnson explains the lesson.
           Passive: The lesson is explained by Mr. Johnson.

II/ Form:

*** Remember these things:

      1. The active Object becomes the passive Subject.
      2. The active Verb becomes the form of “BE + PAST PARTICIPLE”
      “BE” -> the same Form as the active Verb
                    -> in agreement with its Subject
      3. The active subject becomes “BY + AGENT (noun/object pronoun)”

EXERCISE:
a)        Mrs. Green cooks food every morning.
……………………………………………………………
b)        The doctor examined the patients yesterday.
…………………………………………………………………….
c)        These boys made that noise last night.
………………………………………………………….
d)        Mary wrote that report yesterday.
……………………………………………………..
e)       John will deliver the letter tomorrow.
………………………………………………………..
f)         The fire has destroyed many houses in Australia.
………………………………………………………………………….
g)       The police are questioning John now.
............................................................
h)       The engineers are going to build the bridge.
…………………………………………………………………
        4. BY + AGENT
          (by me/ you/ him/ her/ them/ us/ people/ someone..) is generally omitted from the Passive Sentence.
     E.g.:
     They built this house in 1970.
     This house was built (by them) in 1970.

     People speak English all over the world.
     English is spoken all over the world (by people).
       5. If there are two object in the Active sentence, either of them may become the Subject in the Passive sentence.

e.g.:            Mary gave me a nice gift yesterday.
                    S        V      O          O
èI was given a nice gift by Mary yesterday
     S (be + PP)        O             O
èA nice gift was give (to) me by Mary yesterday.
    S        (be +PP)          O        O
 e.g:
                They told me the truth yesterday.
                -> I was told the truth yesterday.
                -> The truth was told (to) me yesterday.

                He may give you the result soon.
                -> You may be given the result soon.
                -> The result may be given (to) you soon.
       6. The position of adverbs and preposition phrases in the passive sentences:

·   Adverbs of place stand before (by + Agent)
e.g.: Her children are carrying the table into the house
-> The table is being carried into the house by her children.

·  Adverbs of time stand after (by + Agent)
e.g.: Dr.Kim will read this report at the conference at 8 a.m.
-> This report will be read at the conference by Dr.Kim at 8 a.m

Adverbs of place
by + Agent
Adverbs of time

·   Adverbs of manner usually stand between BE and the PP
e.g.:
     The manager has treated them badly.
-> They have been badly treated by the manager.

The cashier did not check these numbers carefully yesterday.
   èThese numbers were not carefully checked by the cashier yesterday.
Đ  Đến đây bạn đã học xong phần đầu tiên câu bị động click VÀO ĐÂY để tiếp tục học phần hai.
     (Bài viết được chỉnh sửa bổ sung lần cuối vào 25/06/2013)

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