Kênh Tên Miền chuyên cung cấp tên miền đẹp, giá rẻ! Hãy liên hệ kỹ thuật: 0914205579 - Kinh doanh: 0912191357 để được tư vấn, hướng dẫn miễn phí, Cảm ơn quý khách đã ủng hộ trong thời gian qua!
Sunday, August 4, 2013


Từ Vựng Chuyên Ngành Y Tế

Đang chuyển dịch sang Tiếng Việt
Word - Từ Vựng
part of speech
Meaning - Nghĩa Example sentence - Ví dụ trong 1 câu
abnormal

adj
not normal for the human body
(không bình thường đối với cơ thể con người)
This amount of weight loss is abnormal for women your age.
ache

noun/verb
pain that won't go away
(đau đớn không chấm dứt)
I can't sleep because my knees ache in the night.
acute

adj
quick to become severe/bad
(đau dử dội; trở nên đau đớn một cách mau lẹ trong tình trạng nghiêm trọng / xấu
We knew the baby was coming right away because the woman's labour pains were acute.
allergy noun

allergic adj
a body's abnormal reaction to certain foods or environmental substances (eg causes a rash)
(phản ứng bất thường của cơ thể với các loại thực phẩm nào đó hoặc về môi trường)
Your son is extremely allergic to peanuts.
ambulance

noun
emergency vehicle that rushes people to a hospital
(xe cấp cứu chở người bịnh vào bệh viện gấp)
We called the ambulance when Josh stopped breathing.
amnesia

noun
a condition that causes people to lose their memory
(tình trạng khiến cho người ta mất trí nhớ)
I can't remember the accident because I had amnesia.
amputation noun

amputate verb
permanent removal of a limb
(loại bỏ vĩnh viễn một chi thể)
We had to amputate his leg because the infection spread so quickly.
anaemia noun

anaemic adj
occurs when the body doesn't have enough red blood cells
(xảy ra khi cơ thể không có đủ hồng huyết cầu)
I have low energy because I am anaemic.
antibiotics

noun
medication that kills bacteria and cures infections
(thuốc trụ sinh diệt vi khuẩn và chữa trị bệnh nhiễm trùng)
My throat infection went away after I started the antibiotics.
anti-depressant

noun
medication that helps relieve anxiety and sadness
(thuốc giúp làm giảm sự lo lắng và buồn rầu)
The anti-depressants helped me get on with life after Lucy died.
appointment

noun
a scheduled meeting with a medical professional
(cuộc hẹn với bác sĩ hay y sĩ để khám bịnh)
I've made you an appointment with a specialist in three week's time.
arthritis

noun
a disease that causes the joints to become swollen and crippled
(một căn bệnh gây ra sưng khớp và tê liệt)
My grandmother can't knit anymore because the arthritis in her hands is so bad.
asthma (attack)

noun
a condition that causes a blockage of the airway and makes it difficult for a person to breathe
(bện ho suyễn - một nguyên nhân gây tắc nghẽn đường thở, làm khó thở
I carry an inhaler when I run because I have asthma.
bacteria

noun
a disease-causing organism
(vi khuẩn; vi trùng gây bệnh cho cơ thể
To prevent the spread of bacteria it is important that nurses wash their hands often.
bedsore

noun
wounds that develop on a patient's body from lying in one place for too long
(những vết thương phát triển trên cơ thể bệnh nhân từ nằm ở một nơi quá lâu)
If you don't get up and take a walk, you will develop painful bedsores.
benign

adj
not harmful (not cancerous)
(không có hại - không ung thư)
We're hoping that the tests will show that the lump in your breast is benign.
biopsy

noun
removal of human tissue in order to conduct certain medical tests
(Cắt xén một phần nhỏ của tế bào trong con người để làm xét nghiệm một bệnh trạng nào đó)
The biopsy ruled out a number of illnesses.
blood count

noun
the amount of red and white blood cells a person has
(cách đếm số lượng hồng huyết cầu và bạch huyết cầu trong máu của một người)
You will be happy to know that your blood count is almost back to normal.
blood donor

noun
a person who gives blood to a blood bank or other person
(hiến máu mình cho một ai đó hay cho nhà băng dự trữ máu)
Blood donors have to answer questions about their medical history.
blood pressure

noun
the rate at which blood flows through the body (high/low)
(huyết áp cao thấp trong cơ thể)
High blood pressure puts you at risk of having a heart attack.
brace

noun
a device that holds injured body parts in place
(một dụng cụ dùng để giữ bộ phận cơ thể đã bị thương tích yên một chỗ)
You will probably always have to wear a brace on your ankle when you jog.
breech

adj
position of an unborn baby in which the feet are down and the head is up
(Vị thế của hài nhi, chân ra trước và đầu ra sau, có thể sắp sinh/đẻ ngược)
We thought it was going to be a breech birth, but the baby turned himself around.
broken

adj
a bone that is divided in two or more pieces as a result of an injury
(Gãy xương)
We thought it was just a sprain, but it turned out his leg was broken.
bruise noun

bruised adj
injured body tissue that is visible underneath the skin
(bị bầm da, vết bầm)
The woman was badly bruised when she came into the emergency room.
Caesarean section, C-section

noun
procedure that involves removing a baby from its mother through an incision in the woman's lower abdomen
(khi sinh/đẻ không được cần phải mổ để đem hài nhi ra khỏi bụng mẹ)
The baby was so large that we had to perform a Caesarean section.
cancer

noun
disease caused by the uncontrollable growth of cells
(bệnh ung thư)
There are many different options when it comes to treating cancer.
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

noun
restoring a person's breath and circulation
(phục hồi hơi thở và tuần hoàn của một người)
You saved your brother's life by performing CPR.
cast

noun
a hard bandage that is wrapped around a broken bone to keep it in place My leg was in a cast for graduation.
chapel, chapeline

noun
a place where loved ones can go to pray for a patient's recovery;
a priest who visits patients in the hospital
(một tiểu giáo đường trong bệnh viện dùng để thân nhân khấn vái cho bệnh nhân)
If you want a place to pray, the chapel is on the third floor.
chemotherapy

noun
type of treatment used on cancer patients
(phương pháp trị bệnh ung thư theo hóa học)
My mother has already had three rounds of chemotherapy.
chickenpox

noun
a virus commonly contracted by children, characterized by itchy spots all over the body
(bịnh thủy đậu; bịnh trái rạ)
It is best to get chickenpox as a child so that you don't get it worse as an adult.
coroner

noun
a person who determines the cause of death after a person dies
(nhân viên điều tra lý do gây nên tử vong)
We only call the coroner if we think a death is suspicious.
critical condition

noun
requiring immediate and constant medical attention
(trong tình trạng nguy kịch)
You can't see her right now; she's in critical condition.
crutches

noun
objects that people with injured legs or feet use to help them walk
(cái nạng dùng để chống trong khi đi)
I'd rather hop on one foot than use crutches.
cyst

noun
a sac in the body-tissue filled with fluid (sometimes diseased)
(u nang, bướu có mủ hay nước trong người)
We're going to remove the cysts just to be on the safe side.
deaf

adj
unable to hear
(không còn nghe được nữa; bị điếc
The accident left the patient both deaf and blind.
deficiency

noun
a lack of something necessary for one's health
(thiếu một chất dinh dưỡng nào đó trong máu cần thiết cho sức khỏe)
The tests show that you have an iron deficiency.
dehydrated

adj
in need of water
(bị thiếu lượng nước trong cơ thể)
It is easy for the elderly to become dehydrated in this heat.
dementia

noun
loss of mental capacity
(mất năng lực về tâm thần; chứng mất trí nhớ)
It is hard to watch a loved one suffering with dementia.
diabetes

noun
type of disease typically involving insulin deficiency People with diabetes have to constantly check their blood sugar levels.
diagnosis

noun
medical explanation of an illness or condition
(bệnh tiểu đường)
The doctor would prefer to share the diagnosis with the patient himself.
discomfort

noun
experiencing pain
(khó chịu hay cảm giác lúc đau đớn
This pain medication should relieve some of your discomfort.
disease

noun
a medical disorder that is harmful to a person's health I understand that this disease runs in your family.
dislocated

adj
when a bone is temporarily separated from its joint You will have to wear a sling because of your dislocated shoulder.
emergency

noun
a medical problem that needs immediate attention It is important that children know which number to dial in case of an emergency.
ER (emergency room)

noun
the hospital room used for treating patients with immediate and life-threatening injuries
(phòng cấp cứu)
The child was rushed into the ER after he had a severe allergic reaction to a bee sting.
external

adj
on the outside
(ngoài da; phía bên ngoài)
This cream is for external use only. Do not get it near your ears, eyes, or mouth.
false negative

noun

adj
a test that incorrectly comes back negative
(kết quả của thử nghiệm bị sai, bị âm tính)
We had two false negative pregnancy tests, so we didn't know we were having a baby.
family history

noun
medical background of a person's family members
(tiền sử trong gia đình; bệnh hoạn có tính cách di truyền)
The doctor was concerned about my family history of skin cancer.
fatal

adj
causing death The doctor made a fatal error when he wrote the wrong prescription.
fever noun

feverish adj
higher than normal body temperature He is very feverish, and his temperature is near danger point.
flu (influenza)

noun
many types of respiratory or intestinal infections passed on through a virus People who have the flu should not visit hospital patients.
fracture noun

fractured adj
broken or cracked bone Your wrist is fractured and needs a cast.
germ

noun
a micro-organism, especially one that causes disease Flowers are not allowed in the ward to avoid the risk of germs being brought in.
genetic

adj
a medical condition or physical feature that is passed on in the family The disease is part genetic and part environmental.
growth

noun
a ball of tissue that grows bigger than normal, either on or under the skin That growth on your shoulder is starting to worry me.
heart attack

noun
instance in which blood stops pumping through the heart People who smoke are at greater risk of having a heart attack.
HIV

noun
the virus that infects the human T-cells and leads to AIDS HIV can be passed down from the mother to her fetus.
hives

noun
bumps that appear on the surface of the skin during an allergic reaction I broke out in hives after I ate that potato casserole.
illness noun

ill adj
general term for any condition that makes a person feel sick for a certain period of time Her illness went away when she started eating better.
immune system

noun
the parts of the body that fight diseases, infections, and viruses You can't have visitors because your immune system is low.
immunization noun

immunize verb
an injection that protects against a specific disease Babies are immunized three times in their first year.
incision

noun
cut in the body made during surgery I had to have stitches to close the incision.
inconclusive

adj
unclear We have to do more x-rays because the first ones were inconclusive.
infant

noun
young baby The nurse will demonstrate how to bathe an infant.
infection noun

infected adj
diseased area of the body (viral or bacterial) The wound should be covered when you swim to prevent it from becoming infected.
inflamed

adj
appearance (red and swollen) of an injured body part My right ankle was so inflamed it was twice the size of my left one.
injury

noun
damage to the body Her injuries were minor; just a few cuts and bruises.
intensive care unit (ICU)

noun
section of the hospital where patients get constant attention and doctors rely on specialized equipment She will remain in the ICU until she can breathe on her own.
internal

adj
under the skin, inside the organs The doctors will be monitoring her for any internal bleeding.
itchy

adj
feeling discomfort on the skin's surface If you are allergic to this medication your skin will get red and itchy.
IV

noun
a tube that pumps liquids and medication into a patient's body The toddler was so dehydrated that the doctor decided to get him on an IV.
lab results

noun
tests that come back from a laboratory and help doctors make a diagnosis The lab results have come in and you are free to go home.
lab (laboratory)

noun
place where samples of blood/urine etc. are taken for testing I'll take these samples down to the lab on my way out.
life support

noun
a machine that keeps patients alive by helping them breathe The woman has severe brain damage and is currently on life support.
life-threatening

adj
when injuries and conditions are extremely serious The victim was shot in two places but the bullet wounds are not life-threatening.
light-headed

adj
feeling of dizziness and being off-balance, caused by lack of oxygen in the brain If you are feeling light-headed again, lie down and call me.
malignant

adj
expected to grow and get much worse (especially related to cancerous cells) I'm afraid at least one of the tumours is malignant.
medical school (med. school)

noun
place where someone trains to be a doctor After eight years of medical school I can finally practice medicine.
newborn

noun
an infant that is less than three months old You have to support her neck because she is still a newborn.
numb

adj
no feeling in a certain body part The needle will make your lower body feel numb.
OR (operating room)

noun
the place where major surgeries and operations take place You must wear a face mask and gloves while you are in the OR.
operation noun

operate on verb
a medical procedure that involves going inside a person's body in an attempt to fix a problem The operation lasted seven hours, but it was successful.
pain

noun
strong discomfort in certain areas of the body We gave your husband some medicine to relieve some of the pain.
pain killer, pain reliever

noun
type of medicine that takes away some or all of the discomfort of an illness or injury You can take two pain killers every four hours.
paralyzed

adj
unable to move certain areas of the body We thought her legs were paralyzed for life, but she is learning how to walk.
patient

noun
a person staying in a hospital or medical facility The patients in Room 4 are not getting along.
pharmacist

noun
a person who fills a doctor's prescription and gives people advice about medication Ask the pharmacist if there is a generic brand of this medication.
pharmacy, drugstore

noun
a place where people go to buy medication and other medical supplies You should be able to buy a bandage at the pharmacy.
physician

noun
doctor Ask your family physician to refer you to a specialist.
poison noun

poisonous adj
a substance that is very dangerous if it enters the human body The child was bitten by a poisonous snake.
prenatal

adj
of the time period leading up to giving birth The woman was well prepared for labour because she took the prenatal classes.
prescription noun

prescribe verb
the correct amount and type of medication needed to cure an illness or relieve symptoms You will need to visit your doctor to get another prescription.
privacy noun

private adj
being alone; personal (eg test results) You will have to pay for a private hospital room if you don't want a room-mate.
radiation

noun
high energy X-rays that destroy cancer cells If the radiation doesn't kill all of the abnormal cells, the cancer will come back.
residency

resident


noun
part of a doctor's training that takes place in the hospital;

a student working under a doctor
John is a resident under Dr Brown.
routine check-up

noun
a doctor's appointment to check a person's general health I'd like to see you a year from now for a routine check-up.
scrubs

noun
plain uniform (usually green, white, or blue) worn by medical professionals I have some extra scrubs in my locker.
scrub up

verb
carefully wash hands before and after seeing a patient I have to scrub up and get ready for surgery.
second opinion

noun
input from a second doctor about an illness or symptom I went to another doctor to get a second opinion about these headaches.
seizure

noun
sudden violent movements or unconsciousness caused by electrical signal malfunction in the brain People who suffer from epilepsy are prone to seizures.
shock

noun
body not getting enough blood flow The woman was in shock after being pulled from the river.
side effects

noun
other symptoms that might occur as a result of a certain medication or procedure One of the side effects of antidepressants is a loss of appetite.
sore

adj
painful I have a sore throat and a runny nose.
spasm

noun
the uncontrollable tightening of a muscle Ever since I injured my leg I've been having muscle spasms in my upper thigh.
specialist

noun
a doctor that is an expert in a certain kind of medicine My family doctor is sending me to a specialist.
sprain

noun/verb
an injury (less serious than a break) to a joint (ankle, wrist, knee etc) I sprained my knee playing soccer.
stable condition

noun
a patient is stable if their medical condition is no longer changing rapidly You can see your husband now; he is in a stable condition.
sting

noun/verb
sharp, temporary pain It may sting when I insert the needle.
stress noun

stressed adj
worry that causes muscles to tighten and blood pressure to rise You need to take some time off work and relieve some of your stress.
swelling noun

swollen adj
ligaments (parts that hold the joints together) growing bigger and rounder after an injury to a joint I knew my ankle was sprained because it was so swollen.
symptoms

noun
pain or physical changes that occur because of an illness or disease You have all of the symptoms of a diabetic.
temperature

noun
amount of heat measured in a body; higher than normal temperature We brought Jesse to emergency because he was running a (high) temperature.
tender

adj
painful when touched or used The incision was tender after the surgery.
test results

noun
medical information that helps doctors understand a patient's condition or body The test results came back negative. You aren't pregnant.
therapy

noun
treatment aimed at improving a person's mental or physical condition I was able to go back to work a few weeks after starting the therapy.
transplant

noun
moving of an organ from one human to another The heart transplant saved your life.
ultrasound

noun
a test that examines the body's internal organs and processes using sound waves (often used during pregnancies) The ultrasound shows that we are expecting a baby boy.
umbilical cord

noun
the lifeline from the mother to the fetus (when cut at birth this forms the belly button) I had an emergency C-section because the umbilical cord was wrapped around the baby's neck.
unconscious

adj
alive, but appearing to be asleep and unaware of the surroundings I hit my head on the steering wheel and was still unconscious when the ambulance arrived.
urine sample

noun
a small amount of the body's liquid waste that is tested for different medical reasons The urine sample tells us how much alcohol is in your blood.
vein

noun
the thin tubes that transport blood around the body and back to the heart I'm just looking for the best vein in which to insert the needle.
virus

noun
a dangerous organism that causes the spread of minor and major diseases The virus is contractable through the exchange of bodily fluids.
visiting hours

noun
time of day when friends and family are allowed to visit patients in hospital I'm afraid you'll have to come back during visiting hours.
vomit

noun/verb
discharge of a person stomach contents through the mouth The pregnant woman can't stop vomiting.
ward

noun
a section of a hospital or health facility where patients stay I should warn you that we're entering the mental health ward.
wheelchair

noun
a chair on wheels used for transporting patients from place to place If you get in the wheelchair I'll take you down to see the garden.
wound noun

wounded adj
injury to body ("flesh wound" means not deep) The wounded soldiers are being airlifted to the hospital.
x-ray

noun/verb
a photograph of a person's bones and organs The technician took x-rays of my shoulder to make sure it wasn't broken.


Thảo luận, ý kiến hay thắc mắc
Cập nhập lần cuối cùng lúc 9:30h ngày 3 tháng 6 2013
Phạm Công Hiển

0 comments:

Post a Comment

domain, domain name, premium domain name for sales

Popular Posts